2012 G20 Los Cabos summit

2012 G20 Los Cabos summit

The seventh meeting of the G20 heads of government and heads of state took place in Los Cabos in 2012.

2012 G20 Los Cabos summit
The logo of the G20 Mexico 2012 summit,

The logo of the G20 Mexico 2012 summit

  Host CountryMexico
  DateJune 18-19
  Mottopromoting Growth and Job
  Venue(s)Los Cabos Convention Centre
  CitiesSan José del Cabo, Los Cabos Municipality, Baja California Sur
  ParticipantsG20 member states Guest invitees :

  • Cambodia
  • chile
  • Columbia
  • Ethiopia
  • Spain
  Follows2011 G20 Cannes Summit
  Precedes2013 G20 Saint Petersburg Summit

From June 18th to 19th, 2012, it took place at the Los Cabos Convention Center in San José del Cabo, Los Cabos Municipality, Mexico.


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The public learned from the final draft of the G20 Toronto summit statement that there would be a second summit in Mexico in 2012, after the 2011 summit in France.


In 2010, the first steps were taken to plan the meeting. In January, a first meeting was held in Mexico City by Lourdes Aranda, who is the deputy foreign minister of Mexico. There were “sherpas,” or representatives, from the G20 foreign ministers there.

The Mexican architect Fernando Romero planned and built the meeting center over the course of seven months. It has the world’s biggest green wall, which is 2,700 square meters in size.


In terms of both vision and policy, Mexico thinks the forum can better serve developing countries. And with President Felipe Calderón in charge, Mexico will try to make the G20’s focus on growth broader. It will be the first time that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is capitalized without the U.S., which shows how important developing markets are, Calderon said about the funding for the IMF. The finance minister of Brazil, Guido Mantega, said that the BRICS countries were “going to make an additional contribution to the IMF that will be announced at the leaders’ meeting.” This is in addition to the $75 billion that the group said it would give to the IMF in April. When New Democracy won a majority in the Greek election in June, major economies put pressure on European leaders to solve the European sovereign debt problem.


The following are the heads of state who were present during the 2012 G20 Leaders Summit.

StateRepresented By#Title
 🇦🇷  Argentina  Cristina Fernández de Kirchner  President
 🇦🇺  Australia  Julia Gillard  Prime Minister
 🇧🇷  Brazil  Dilma Rousseff  President
 🇨🇦  Canada  Stephen Harper  Prime Minister
 🇨🇳  China  Hu Jintao  President
 🇨🇵  France  François Hollande  President
 🇩🇪  Germany  Angela Merkel  Chancellor
 🇮🇳  India  Manmohan Singh  Prime Minister
 🇮🇩  Indonesia  Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono  President
 🇮🇹  Italy  Mario Monti  Prime Minister
 🇯🇵  Japan  Yoshihiko Noda  Prime Minister
  🇲🇽  Mexico  Felipe Calderón  President
 🇷🇺  Russia  Vladimir Putin  President
 🇸🇦  Saudi Arabia  Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf  Minister of Finance
 🇿🇦  South Africa  Jacob Zuma  President
 🇰🇷  South Korea  Lee Myung-bak  President
 🇹🇷  Turkey  Recep Tayyip Erdoğan  Prime Minister
 🇬🇧  United Kingdom  David Cameron  Prime Minister
 🇺🇸  United States  Barack Obama  President
 🇪🇺  European commission  José Manuel Barroso  President
  European council  Herman Van Rompuy  Herman Van Rompuy
Invited States
StatesRepresented byTitle
  🇧🇯 Benin Yayi Boni President
  🇰🇭 Cambodia Hun Sen Prime Minister
  🇨🇱 Chile Sebastian Piñera President
  🇨🇴 Colombia Junan Manuel Santos President
  🇪🇹 Ethiopia Meles Zenawi Prime Minister
  🇪🇸 Spain Mariano Rajoy Prime Minister
International organisations
OrganisationRepresented byTitle
 International Monetary Fund Christine Lagarde Managing Director
 Financial Stability Board Mark Carney Chairman
 Food and Agriculture  Organisation José Graziano da Silva Director-General
 International Labour  Organisation Guy Ryder Director-General
 Organisation for Economy co-operation and Development José Ángel Gurria Secretary-General
 World Trade Organisation Pascal Lamy Director-General
  🇺🇳 United Nations Ban Ki-moon Secretary-General
 World Bank Group Robert Zoellick President


Sideline meetings

Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, U.S, Barack Obama,
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan talks with U.S. President Barack Obama on 19 June.


World leaders at the 2012 G20 Los Cabos summit.,
World leaders at the 2012 G20 Los Cabos summit.

Obama and Putin were scheduled to meet for 1.5 hours to discuss “projected deployment of missile shields in Europe, prospects of peace settlement in Syria, and bilateral ties under the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act,” among other topics. Obama and Putin issued a joint statement in 2011 calling for an end to violence in Syria. We agree that the Syrian people should be allowed to freely and openly determine their own destiny. It also coincided with Russia’s plan to deploy marines to its naval station in Tartus aboard the Nikolai Filchenkov and the Tsezar Kunikov. After the June elections in Greece, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and American President Barack Obama agreed to meet to discuss the state of the eurozone.
10 In response to a letter Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner allegedly addressed to British Prime Minister David Cameron questioning British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, Downing Street released a statement saying that Cameron had confronted Fernández de Kirchner. She referred him to Resolution 40/21 of the United Nations General Assembly from November 1985 as the means by which the problem should be solved. According to reports, Cameron remarked, “I am not proposing a full discussion now on the Falklands, but I hope you have noted that they are holding a referendum and you should respect their views.” We, the G20, should uphold the right to self-determination and conduct ourselves democratically. According to the statement, Cameron had approached her “with vigor,” but according to Argentine Foreign Minister Héctor Timerman, “the president had the UN resolutions, and she said to Cameron, ‘Let’s respect the United Nations. The prime minister turned his back and walked away without saying goodbye, refusing to receive the documents. Countries like Argentina defeated the vast majority of colonial efforts around the world, but after years of operating as a colonial power, the colonizers have forgotten that they are responsible for the existence of colonialism. The Prime Minister’s Office then commented that “we don’t need an envelope from Fernandez to know what the UN resolutions say. … All the UN resolutions do refer to the UN charter, which enshrines the principle of self-determination, and that is what we are asking the Argentines to respect.”


The Convention Center

In Los Cabos, Mexico, the Convention Center was built by the Mexican builder Fernando Romero. Its green wall, which covers 2,700 m2, is what makes the center stand out. It is the biggest in the world.







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